Genetic Testing

MDR1 Drug List

Multi-Drug Resistance Gene (MDR1)

 Multi-Drug Resistance Gene (MDR) codes for a protein that is responsible  for protecting the brain by transporting potentially harmful chemicals  away. In certain breeds, a mutation occurs in the MDR1 gene that causes  sensitivity to Ivermectin, Loperamide, and a number of other common  drugs. Dogs with this mutation have a defect in the P-glycoprotein that  is normally responsible for transporting certain drugs out of the brain.  The defective protein inhibits the dog's ability to remove certain  drugs from the brain, leading to a buildup of these toxins. As a result  of the accumulation of toxins, the dog can show neurological symptoms,  such as seizures, ataxia, or even death. 

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Hereditary Cataracts (HC)


Hereditary  Cataracts (HC) are a clouding of the lens of the eye caused by a  breakdown of tissue in the eye. This condition generally results in an  inability to see clearly and can cause total blindness. In canines,  cataracts are often familial; this type is known as Hereditary  Cataracts. A mutation in the HSF4 gene causes this type of cataracts in  several breeds of dogs. In this case, the dog is typically affected  bilaterally, in that both eyes are affected by the cataracts. The  cataracts associated with HSF4 also occur in the posterior region of the  lens. They usually start by being small and grow progressively, though  the speed of growth is highly variable. Some cataracts will grow so  slowly that the dog's vision remains relatively clear, while others will  grow such a way that the dog will quickly go blind. Corrective surgery  is possible, though it is costly and is not always effective.
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Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): An Overview Progressive Retinal Atrophy, or PRA, is a condition of the retina in  the eye. PRA encompasses many diseases which all progress over time and  eventually lead to blindness. The retina works in the eye much as the  film in a camera works. It changes the light it receives into images  which are then sent down the optic nerve to be interpreted by the brain.  When a dog has PRA the retina either stops developing prematurely or  the light receptors degenerate early in life. With this condition both  eyes are equally affected. The different forms of PRA vary in the age at  which they first develop and in the rate at which they progress. Cases  can be early onset with rapid progression to late onset with slow  progression or any combination of the sorts. Every case is different and  definite age of onset or how quickly progression will occur can never  be known for sure.
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Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA)

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is a  inherited bilateral eye disease common  in a number of breeds of dogs. The disorder causes abnormal development  in layers of tissue in the eye under the retina called the choroid.  These changes cause what is referred to as Choroidal Hypoplasia. The  abnormal choroid appears pale and translucent. In most cases CEA is  present at birth and can be detected in puppies as young as 4-8 weeks of  age. There is currently no treatment for this disease.
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Degenerative Myelopathy (DM)


Degenerative Myelopathy (DM) is a progressive neurological disorder that affects the spinal cord of older dogs. Reprint from..
Great atricle about DM  Degenerative myelopathy – my unpopular view
Many are testing for DM in aussies. They are not on the list at OFA, At this time they cant prove the DM test works for Aussies. You can read more here... 

Intestinal cobalamin malabsorption (Australian shepherd type)

 Intestinal cobalamin malabsorption (Australian shepherd type) is an  inherited disease affecting Australian shepherds. Affected dogs are  unable to make adequate amounts of a protein that plays a role in  absorption of certain nutrients from the intestinal tract and kidneys,  including the B vitamin, cobalamin. Affected dogs have increased levels  of methylmalonic acid in their urine (a sign of cobalamin deficiency)  after weaning, but symptoms of disease may not be recognized by owners  for months or years. Symptoms of disease include anorexia, lethargy,  poor weight gain, poor muscle mass, and in rare circumstances, a severe  neurological dysfunction called hepatic encephalopathy that can lead to  altered mental state, seizures, coma and death. Affected dogs have an  increase in certain proteins in their urine, and have decreased  synthesis of blood cells resulting in Anemia  and decreased numbers of neutrophils. Affected dogs require cobalamin  supplementation for life that results in disease remission for most  animals within a few weeks. Though not associated with clinical disease,  affected dogs will continue to pass increased amounts of certain  proteins in the urine even with cobalamin supplementation. 

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Future Tests Information....

Still working on getting links and correct information for all testing.